• Cadet Handbook

    March 2016

    Stratford High School JROTC

    Goose Creek, SC 29445

    CONTENTS

    STRATFORD HIGH SCHOOL JROTC CADET HANDBOOK

     

    Chapter 1.      THE JROTC DEPARTMENT

     

                Section I. General                                                                  Para.    Page

     

                            Purpose….……………………………………….     1-1       5

                            Authority………………………………………...     1-2       5

                            Mission…………………………………………..      1-3       5

                            Objective..………………………………………..     1-4       5

                            Military Staff……………………………………..    1-5       5

                            Enrollment………………………………………..    1-6       6

                            Disenrollment…………………………………….     1-7       6

     

                Section II. Leadership Development

     

                            General……………………………………………    1-8       7

                            Curriculum………………………………………..    1-9       8

                            Credit……………………………………………...   1-10     10

                            Method of Grading………………………………..   1-11     10

                            Making Up Tests………………………………….    1-12     10

                            Inspections………………………………………...   1-13     10

     

                Section III. The Cadet Corps

     

                            General……………………………………………    1-14     11

                            Organization………………………………………   1-15     11

                            Positions and Rank………………………………..   1-16     11

                            Appointment and Promotion of Cadet Leaders…...  1-17     12

                            Qualifications for Promotion………………………  1-18     13

                            Reduction………………………………………….. 1-19     13

     

    Chapter 2.      CADET REGULATIONS

     

                Section I. General

     

                            Purpose…………………………………………….  2-1       15

                            Respect for Authority……………………………...  2-2       15

                            Authority of Cadet Officers and NCOs…………..   2-3       15

                            Responsibilities of Cadet Officers and NCOs……   2-4       15

                            Appearance………………………………………..   2-5       15

                            Personal Conduct………………………………….   2-6       16

                            Military Discipline and Authority…………………   2-7       17

                            Visits to the JROTC Area………………………….  2-8       18

                            Reporting to the SAI………………………………. 2-9       18

                            Training Standards…………………………………  2-10     18

                            The Merit/Demerit System………………………...   2-11     18

                            Administrative Processing of Merits/Demerits……   2-12     19       

     

                Section II. Uniforms

     

                            Wearing of the Uniform…………………………… 2-13     20

                            Prescribed Uniform………………………………...  2-14     20

                            Wearing of Ribbons, Medals, and Badges………… 2-15     21

                            Insignia…………………………………………….. 2-16     21

     

    Chapter 3.      JROTC ACTIVITIES

     

                Section I. General

     

                            Purpose…………………………………………….. 3-1       27

                            Selection for Teams………………………………... 3-2       27

                           

                Section II. Military Activities

     

                            Color Guard………………………………………..  3-3       27

                            Drill Team………………………………………….  3-4       27

                            Honor Guard……………………………………….. 3-5       27

                            Raider Team………………………………………..  3-6       27

                            Academic Team……………………………………. 3-7       28

                            Military Ball………………………………………..  3-8       28

     

    Chapter 4.      JROTC AWARDS

     

                Section I. General

     

                            The Awards Program………………………………  4-1       29

                            Awards Categories………………………………… 4-2       29

                           

                Section II. Institutional Awards

     

                            Academic Awards…………………………………. 4-3       29

                            Athletic Awards……………………………………. 4-4       30

                            Military Awards……………………………………. 4-5       30

                            Miscellaneous Awards……………………………..  4-6       31

                            Academic Achievement Badge……………………. 4-7       32

     

                Section III. Miscellaneous Awards

     

                            Team Letters……………………………………….. 4-8       32

                            Shoulder Cords…………………………………….. 4-9       32

                Section IV. Unit Awards

     

                            Honor Unit…………………………………………. 4-10     32

                            Honor Unit With Distinction………………………. 4-11     33

                           

    Chapter 5.      CADET LEADER GUIDE

     

                Section I. General

     

                            Purpose…………………………………………….. 5-1       34

                            Definitions…………………………………………. 5-2       34

     

                Section II. Duties and Responsibilities

     

                            The Battalion Commander and Staff………………. 5-3       34

                            Company Officers…………………………………. 5-4       38

                            Company Noncommissioned Officers……………..  5-5       40

                           

                Section III. Leadership Summary

     

                            Human Factors……………………………………..  5-6       42

                            Leadership Traits…………………………………..  5-7       42

                            Self-Evaluation…………………………………….  5-8       42

                            Leadership Techniques…………………………….  5-9       43

     

    APPENDIX

     

    1. Statement of Health, Agreement of

    Responsibility ………………..…………..    A-1      44

     

    1. Order of Precedence………………………………   B-1      46

     

    1. Color Guard SOP…………………………………   C-1      47

     

    1. Drill Team SOP…………………………………..     D-1      49

     

    1. Honor Guard SOP………………………………..    E-1      51

     

    1. Academic Team SOP…………………………….     F-1       53

               

    1. Raider Team SOP……………………………….. G-1      55

     

    1. Useful Knowledge for Cadets…………………...     H-1      57

     

    1. Chain of Command………………………………    I-1       62

     

    1. History and Meaning of the Unit Patch………….    J-1       62

     

    1. Merit/Demerit Form                                                    K-1      63

     

    1. Cadet Creed………………………………………    L-1      64

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    CHAPTER 1

     

    THE JROTC DEPARTMENT

     

    Section I. General

     

    1-1.      Purpose.         This handbook has been prepared to assist you in understanding the rules and procedures you need to know as an Army JROTC cadet. You will save valuable time and avoid many mistakes by studying it closely. The words he, him, himself, and his are intended to include both the masculine and feminine genders.

     

    1-2.      Authority.      The Army JROTC program originated as part of the National Defense Act of 1916. The principle of maintaining national programs of military training for young citizens attending school was validated during congressional hearings preceding the passage of the ROTC Vitalization Act of 1964. The program consists of three levels of instruction: the Senior Division, the Military Schools Division, and Junior Division. Our unit is a Junior Division Unit and was established in 1985 following application by Berkeley County School Board of Education to the Department of the Army (DA).

     

    1-3.      Mission.          The primary purpose of the Army JROTC Program is to teach you citizenship skills. While taking this course, you will improve your leadership skills, and acquire an understanding of the function of the Military service in our society.

     

    1-4.      Objectives.      Participation in the program will involve a combination of practical and fundamental skills training in which you will learn how to follow and work as a member of a team. You will study human behavior and develop better communication skills. The acquisition of these skills leads to better understanding of the meaning of patriotism and citizenship. Upon completion of the course, you will be better able to take your place in society either in civilian life or in military service.

     

    1-5.      Military Staff.

     

    1. The faculty members assigned to the JROTC Department at Stratford High School are retired regular Army personnel. This group, know as the Military Staff, is headed by a retired officer with the title of Senior Army Instructor (SAI). Acting in a dual capacity, the SAI is responsible to the Department of the Army to insure that the training is conducted in accordance with pertinent directives and in a manner which meets prescribed standards. He is also responsible to the principal for administration, training, and discipline of the Cadet Corps.

     

    1. The members of the Military Staff have been selected for their extensive military experience and for their particular qualifications for this duty. They are vitally interested in the well-being of the unit but even more so in each cadet as an individual. They understand your problems and are anxious to help you solve them. If you are having difficulty of any sort, do not be afraid to speak to any of the staff for help.
    2. In addition to instructional duties, each Military Staff member is a Tactical Officer or NCO. In this capacity, they advise the commander of the Cadet Corps. They may also be the sponsors of an extra curricular activity such as the Drill Team/Color Guard, Raider Team or the Academic Team.

     

    1-6.      Enrollment.    To be eligible for enrollment and continuance as a member of the JROTC unit, each student must meet the following requirements:

     

    1. Education. The student must be enrolled in and attending a full-time regular course at an institution offering JROTC instruction or at a full-time accredited educational activity that has an agreement with the host institution (to include home schools) to allow the student to participate in JROTC.

     

    1. Grade. The student must be in a grade above the eighth grade during the school year of enrollment.

     

    1. Academic standing. The student must maintain an acceptable standard of academic achievement and standing as required by the JROTC program and host institution.

     

    1. Conduct and character. Cadets must maintain an acceptable standard of conduct in and out of school. Those in leadership positions are expected to demonstrate high personal standards in order to set the example. All cadets should be honest, self-reliant, and have a sense of personal and social responsibility in performing unit and other academic assignments. They must exhibit self-discipline and respect for constituted authority through observance of laws, rules and regulations; by prompt and regular attendance at instruction; and in general demeanor. Cadets who fail to meet standards will be removed from leadership positions. All cadets will be screened at the end of each school year and will only be readmitted to the program with the approval of the SAI.

     

    1. Physical ability. Cadets must be able to participate in the physical education program in the school.  This requirement, under the secondary school’s open enrollment policy and when desired by the principal and SAI of the school, may be waived. However, the school will provide any special equipment or additional instructors that may be needed to instruct these students at no cost to the government. The school must also work with the instructor to ensure these students do not cause disruption to the presentation of the JROTC curriculum.

     

    1-7. Disenrollment.  

     

    1. At the discretion of the SAI, and with the approval of the school’s administration, a cadet will be disenrolled or excluded from attendance, as appropriate. In all cases, a cadet will be considered for disenrollment when he or she-

     

    • Withdraws from school.

     

    • Demonstrates ineptitude for leadership training indicated by a lack of general adaptability.

     

    • Fails to keep an acceptable standard of academic achievement, conduct, appearance, or attendance.

     

    • Exhibits undesirable character traits, such as-

     

    • Lying, cheating, or stealing.

     

    • Unauthorized possession or use of illegal drugs or substances.

     

    • Conviction or adjudication as a juvenile offender for committing an offense that could lead to imprisonment.

     

    • Frequent incidents of a discreditable nature with civil or school authorities or other similar acts.

     

    • Fails to maintain the requirement for enrollment IAW paragraph 1-6.

     

    • Exhibits an indifference to and a lack of interest in citizenship and leadership training as demonstrated by-

     

    • Frequent absences or persistent tardiness from class or drill.

     

    • Accumulation of a large number of demerits or other documented measurements.

     

    • An established pattern of shirking responsibility or other similar acts.

     

    (7) Cadets are expected to recite the Pledge of Allegiance, however, if due to religious reasons or other circumstances that prevent them from reciting it, they must not be disruptive in any way to include turning their backs, sitting on the floor, etc. continued disruptive behavior will result in disenrollment from the program.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Section II.       Leadership Development

     

     

    1-8.      General

     

    1. The JROTC program is conducted in accordance with Army Regulations and in conformity to local school regulations. The course imposes no military obligation upon a cadet outside or beyond the school environment. However, cadets will be exposed to all of the benefits associated with military service.

     

    1. The major objective is to lay the foundation for intelligent citizenship by teaching the principles of leadership, manners, and respect for authority.

     

    1. You will normally receive five 90 minute classes of military instruction each week. There will be a mix of classroom, drill and ceremony, and physical fitness activities each week.

     

    1. Wherever possible, the “learning by doing” method of instruction is stressed. This practical approach to learning has been proved by the Army to be the most efficient method for teaching the subjects to which you will be introduced. You will also find that your instructors will use a great number of training aids and visual equipment.

     

    1. Cadets will be issued JROTC textbooks to prepare them for classroom instruction.

     

    1. The textbooks and uniforms issued to you are government property. You are responsible to safeguard them or pay replacement costs.

     

     

    1-9.      Curriculum.

     

    1. The LET-1, or first year course, is an introduction to leadership development. Included are the following subjects:

     

                            Unit 1 Citizenship in Action: 18 hours

                            Unit 2 Leadership Theory & Application: 18 hours

                            Unit 3 Foundation For Success: 30 hours

                            Leadership Application: 20 hours

                            Cadet Challenge: 10 hours

                            Service Learning/Community Service: 10 hours

                            Administration/Testing/Inspections: 24 hours

                            State & JROTC Elective hours: 50 hours

     

     

    1. The second year of leadership training, LET-2, stresses intermediate leadership development. The emphasis is placed on training techniques of being a small unit leader. A cadet is given many opportunities to take charge of small groups of cadets to lead them into the accomplishment of a common goal or mission. Cadets receive training in the following subjects during the second year of the program:

     

                            Unit 4 Wellness, Fitness and First Aid: 28 hours

                            Unit 5 Geography, Map Skills & Environmental Awareness: 2 hours

                            Unit 6 Citizenship in American History & Government: 10 hours

                            Leadership Application: 20 hours

                            Cadet Challenge: 10 hours

                            Service Learning/Community Service: 10 hours

                            Administration/Testing/Inspections: 24 hours

                            State & JROTC Elective hours: 50 hours

               

    1. The third and fourth years, LET-3 & 4, will focus on applied leadership development. Cadets assume greater responsibilities during this phase. Senior cadet positions are normally filled by cadets of this class and all will have an opportunity to practice the theories of the preceding years. Instruction in the finer techniques of leadership, including the delegation of authority and supervision of subordinates, highlight these years of instruction. Senior cadets will be called upon frequently to prepare and teach classes, thus achieving the practical experience necessary for leadership positions. Among the subjects that will be covered during the year are:

     

                            LET-3

                            Unit 1 Citizenship in Action: 2 hours

                            Unit 2 Leadership Theory & Application: 12 hours

                            Unit 3 Foundation For Success: 36 hours

                            Unit 6 Citizenship in American History & Government: 16 hours

                            Leadership Application: 20 hours

                            Cadet Challenge: 10 hours

                            Service Learning/Community Service: 10 hours

                            Administration/Testing/Inspections: 24 hours

                            State & JROTC Elective hours: 50 hours

     

                            LET-4

                            Unit 1 Citizenship in Action: 6 hours

                            Unit 2 Leadership Theory & Application: 10 hours

                            Unit 3 Foundation For Success: 16 hours

                            Leadership Application: 20 hours

                            Cadet Challenge: 10 hours

                            Service Learning/Community Service: 10 hours

                            Administration/Testing/Inspections: 24 hours

                            Additional Required Teaching & Leadership Hours: 34 hours

                            State & JROTC Elective hours: 50 hours

     

    1. The Leadership Development training prepares cadets for leadership positions in both military and civilian sector jobs.

     

    1-10.    Credit. Academic credit toward graduation is awarded on the basis of one full elective credit for each semester of JROTC training successfully completed. The LET-1 course will be awarded a PE/JROTC credit, the LET-2 and LET-3 courses are an elective credit and Let 4 is an Honors credit.

     

    1-11.    Method of grading.

     

    1. Grades are the result of written tests, quizzes, practical work, physical fitness, and inspections. It’s noteworthy to mention that 20% of your grade is reserved for a cadets Attitude and Participation. Merits and demerits assigned during a grading period will also be reflected in your grade. We don’t expect perfection in this program, but we do demand an honest effort.

     

    1. The final grade will be adjusted to reflect all merit and demerit points.

     

    1-12.    Make-up Tests. Cadets missing an examination, quiz, or other graded exercise because of an absence will be permitted to make up the missed work. A grade of zero will be given for work not made up after five days. Arrangements for taking a make-up test or other exercise will be made with the appropriate Military Staff member. It is the responsibility of the cadet to request make-up work within five school days after returning to school from an absence.

     

    1-13.    Inspections.

     

    1. One inspection is scheduled every week (normally on Wednesday) throughout the school year. This inspection is graded and will be used as a factor in computing your final grade. This weekly inspection is usually conducted by cadet officers or the Military Staff on the day that uniforms are worn. Failure to wear the uniform on uniform day will result in a failing grade. Stating that the uniform is in the cleaners will not be an acceptable reason for not wearing the uniform. Failure to wear the uniform more than three times during the semester will result in a failing grade for the course.

     

    1. The purpose of the inspection is to insure that high standards of personal appearance are maintained and to determine how well the government property entrusted to the cadet is being maintained.

     

    1. Unannounced inspections and visits will be made throughout the year by the Military Staff and representatives of the Commander, US Army Fourth Brigade.

     

    1. Every three years, the Commander, US Army Fourth Brigade, conducts a JROTC Program of Accreditation (JPA) Inspection of the Stratford High School JROTC Knight Battalion. This is an opportunity for the cadet corps to demonstrate how well all phases of the year’s military training have been accomplished. Preparation for this inspection is meticulous because the results determine if the unit will be designated an Honor Unit, or Honor Unit with Distinction. If required, The Citadel may conduct a courtesy inspections in support of the program.

     

    SECTION III. The Cadet Corps

     

    1-14.    General. The organizations and positions of leadership are similar in most aspects to those that would be found in an active Army unit. Basically, the cadets command the various functions of the Corps with the Military Staff acting in a supervisory and advisory capacity.

     

    1-15.    Organization.

     

    1. The Stratford High School Cadet Corps is organized into a battalion. The elements of the battalion are.

     

    • Two companies: Alpha and Bravo
    • Each Company is made up of two to three platoons, and each platoon will have at least three squads.

     

    1. The battalion is commanded by a cadet Lieutenant Colonel. The staff is composed of an Executive Officer (XO), an Adjutant (S-1), a Security Officer (S-2), an Operations and Training Officer (S-3), a Supply Officer (S-4), a Public Information Officer (S-5), and other officers as may be required. The companies are commanded by cadet Captains, and platoons by cadet Second Lieutenants. The various noncommissioned officer duties are carried out by cadet Noncommissioned Officers (NCOs) and their ranks are similar to those found in the active Army unit.

     

    1-16.    Positions and Rank.

     

    1. The positions found in the battalion and the rank normally held by the incumbents are listed below. It should be pointed out that the mere occupancy of a position calling for a certain rank does not entitle the incumbent to that rank.

     

    POSITION                                                                 CADET RANK

     

    Battalion Commander                                                 Lieutenant Colonel (LTC)

    Battalion Executive Officer                                        Major (MAJ)

    Battalion Command Sergeant Major                          Command Sergeant Major (CSM)

    Adjutant (S-1)                                                             Captain (CPT)

    Asst. Adjutant (S-1)                                                   1ST Lieutenant (1LT)

    Security Officer (S-2)                                                 Captain (CPT)

    Asst. Security Officer                                                 1ST Lieutenant (1LT)

    Battalion Armorer                                                       Master Sergeant (MSG)

    Operations and Training Officer (S-3)                        Major (MAJ)

    Asst. S-3                                                                     1ST Lieutenant (1LT)

    Operations Sergeant                                                    Master Sergeant

    Supply Officer (S-4)                                                   Captain (CPT)

    Asst. Supply Officer (S-4)                                          1ST Lieutenant (1LT)

    Battalion Supply Sergeant                                          Master Sergeant (MSG)

    Public Information Officer (S-5)                                Captain (CPT)

    Public Information Sergeant                                       Master Sergeant (MSG)

    Student Store Manager                                               1ST Lieutenant (1LT)

    Asst. Store Manager                                                  Master Sergeant (MSG)

    Company Commanders                                              Captain (CPT)

    Company First Sergeants                                            First Sergeant (1SG)

    Platoon Leader                                                            2nd Lieutenant (2LT)

    Platoon Sergeant                                                         Sergeant First Class (SFC)

    Squad Leaders                                                                        Staff Sergeants (SSG)

    Fireteam Leader                                                          Sergeant (SGT)

    Company Armorers                                                     Corporal (CPL)

    Guidon Bearers                                                           Corporal (CPL)

     

    1. Additions to the above list may be made as the need of the Cadet Corps arises. The number of officers and NCOs appointed in the Cadet Corps will be governed by the total enrollment and the SAI.

     

    1-17.    Appointment and Promotion of Cadet Leaders

     

    1. The cadet Battalion is actually commanded and run by the cadets themselves. The positions of the cadet officers and cadet noncommissioned officers, therefore, are ones of great trust and responsibility. Appointment as a cadet officer is demonstration of the special trust and confidence that the school and military authorities have in the particular cadet. The appointment is made only after the cadet has demonstrated his leadership ability and general all around worthiness for that rank. It carries with it many honors and privileges, but even more important are the added responsibilities that the cadet commissioned officer must accept. Appointment as a cadet noncommissioned officer is recognition of good qualities already demonstrated, as well as the military staff’s confidence in the cadet’s potential leadership abilities.

     

    1. Cadets are promoted according to their demonstrated ability in both academics and leadership positions as evaluated by the military staff. Recommendations for promotion may be submitted through channels by any one of the cadet leaders for personnel under their command. These recommendations are carefully weighed with the cadet’s overall academic record, military academic record, disciplinary record, and a careful evaluation of the cadet’s leadership abilities.

     

    1. After initial vacancies are filled, subsequent appointments will be based upon recommendations of the Battalion Promotion Board. This board is composed of the Battalion Commander, Executive Officer, Adjutant, Command Sergeant Major, and the Company Commanders.

     

    1. Appointments during the first nine weeks of the school year are temporary. During that period, every cadet is being closely observed and evaluated. It is in the best interest of the temporary appointee to give his best effort at all times. Temporary appointment does not insure permanent appointment to any rank or position.

     

    1-18.   Qualification for Promotion.

     

    1. Cadet Officer. To be eligible for appointment as a cadet officer or for promotion to a higher officer rank, a cadet must:

                            (1) Have successfully completed all previous military courses.

                            (2) Have maintained a passing average grade of at least a “B” in both his academic and military subjects.

                            (3) Have demonstrated his ability to lead others by actual performance within the Cadet Corps.

                            (4) Be judged worthy of promotion by the military staff and school authorities.

     

    1. Cadet Noncommissioned Officer. (Sgt and above) To be eligible for appointment as a cadet noncommissioned officer or for promotion to a higher NCO grade, a cadet must:

                            (1) Have performed passing work in his academic subjects and at least a “B” in JROTC for the preceding grading period.

                            (2) Have demonstrated his ability to hold positions of authority.

                            (3) Posses a record of military and academic merit showing his fitness for advancement.

     

    1. The promotion for LET-1 cadets is PV2 after the first progress report and PV2 or PFC after the first quarter. These promotions are dependent upon the cadet’s attitude and a passing grade for the grading period. Ranks of Corporal or Sergeant are awarded based on exceptional performance.

     

    1. A cadet may receive a meritorious promotion to a higher rank for outstanding performance at any time without regard to promotion cycle as recommended by the chain of command and approval by the SAI.

     

    1-19.    Reduction.

     

    1. Any cadet officer, noncommissioned officer, private first class, or private may be reduced in rank for any of the following reasons:

                            (1) Demonstrated inability to serve as a leader at that rank.

                            (2) Inefficiency or neglect of duty.

                            (3) Conduct improper for a person of that rank.

                            (4) Failure to receive a passing quarter/semester grade in JROTC.

    1. Cadet Officers must maintain a passing average in both military and academic subjects. Cadet Noncommissioned Officers must maintain a passing average in the JROTC program and may not be failing more than one subject. Any indication that battalion duties are interfering with academic class work will be dealt with on an individual basis.

     

    1. The reduction may be to any rank considered appropriate by the Military Staff and approved by the SAI.

     

    1. Any behavior resulting in either in-school or out-of-school suspension will immediately cause the cadet a reduction of one rank and loss of privilege to attend the annual Military Ball.

     

     

     

     

    CHAPTER 2

    CADET REGULATIONS

     

    SECTION I.   General

     

    2-1.      Purpose. The efficient running of any organization is dependent upon a clear understanding on the part of all concerned, of the rights, privileges, and responsibilities of each individual. It is the purpose of this chapter to clarify these rights, privileges, and responsibilities. The provisions of this chapter have the same weight as an order. It is the responsibility of each cadet to be aware of these regulations and to conduct himself in a way that reflects not only the letter of the regulation, but the spirit as well.

     

    2-2.      Respect for Authority. A major aim of the Army JROTC program is to aid you in becoming a better citizen. In keeping with this goal, all cadets are required to show proper respect for authority. The maxim, “He that would lead must first learn to obey,” should be taken seriously by each cadet from the very first day in the Cadet Corps.

     

    2-3.      Authority of Cadet Officers and NCOs. Cadet Officers and Cadet Noncommissioned Officers are duly appointed representatives of the officials of the JROTC program and the military staff. Their lawful orders and instructions are to be obeyed by all cadets junior to them. Whenever you feel you are being subjected to an injustice, follow this simple rule; “Obey first, protest later”. Cadets are required to obey lawful orders regardless of their personal feelings towards the leader issuing the order.

     

    2-4.      Responsibilities of Cadet Officers and NCOs. All cadet leaders have large responsibilities placed on them when they assume their rank. They must, at all times, be fair, impartial, and impersonal in giving orders. Any cadet who misuses the authority delegated to him, will be considered unfit for that rank and will be reduced. Cadet leaders must exercise every means of positive leadership to accomplish results and should resort to disciplinary measures only when all else fails.

     

     

    2-5.      Appearance.

     

    1. The Cadet Corps is a uniformed organization. Therefore a neat and well groomed appearance by cadets is fundamental and contributes to building pride and spirit de corps essential to an effective unit. A vital ingredient to the strength and effectiveness of the Corps is the pride and self-discipline which each cadet brings to his unit. It is the responsibility of the Cadet Commanders to insure that the cadets under their command present a neat and soldierly appearance, and it is the duty of each cadet to take pride in his appearance at all times.

     

    1. Male Cadets: There are many hair styles which are acceptable

     

                            (1) Hair will be neatly groomed. The length and/or bulk of the hair will not present a ragged, unkempt, or extreme appearance. It will not touch the ears, nor extend outward beyond the ears. It will not fall below the eyebrows, nor touch the collar of the shirt. In all cases, the length or the style of the hair will not interfere with the normal wear of the military headgear. No hair will show between the headgear and eyebrows.

                            (2) If the cadet wishes to wear sideburns, they will be neatly trimmed. The bottom will be a clean-shaven horizontal line no lower than the bottom of the ear opening.

                            (3) The face will be clean shaven, however, mustaches are permissible. If a mustache is worn, it will be neatly trimmed and will not extend beyond, nor fall below, the corners of the mouth. Goatees and/or beards are not authorized.

     

    1. Female Cadets: Hair will not touch the collar, nor be cut so short as to appear unfeminine. Hair styles will not interfere with the proper wearing of the military headgear. Ponytails will not be permitted (long hair must be secured in some fashion).

     

                            (1) Wigs may be worn as long as the hairpiece is of natural color and the style and length conform to appearance standards.

                            (2) Barrettes of natural hair color or transparent color may be worn.

                            (3) Makeup will be conservative and complement the uniform. Nail polish is only permitted with a natural color.

     

    1. Wearing of Civilian Jewelry:

     

                            (1) The wearing of wrist watch, identification bracelet, and not more than one ring on each hand, is authorized with the JROTC uniform as long as the style is conservative and in good taste.

                            (2) The wearing of a purely religious medal on a chain around the neck is authorized, provided neither the medal no the chain is exposed.

                            (3) No jewelry, watches, chains, or similar civilian items (to include pens, pencils, etc.) will appear exposed on the uniform. (Authorized exceptions are a conservative tie tack or clasp which may be worn on the black four-in-hand necktie.)

                            (4) Small earrings (no larger than 1/8th inch) are permitted. They must be stud or post earrings. No dangle earring, medallions, personal talismans, amulets, or nose rings are permitted. Earrings will not be worn by male cadets in the classroom, or at any time while in uniform.

                            (5) Body Piercing: No body jewelry will be worn in the classroom or anytime in uniform. This includes; nose rings, tongue rings, eye brow piercing, and any other piercing of the face.

     

    2-6.      Personal Conduct. The JROTC Department is closely related to every activity of the school. It is thus important that every cadet conduct himself in such a manner as to bring credit upon himself and the Corps. You must set high standards of conduct, courtesy, and deportment, whether in uniform or civilian attire; in the JROTC area or in other areas of the school, in military instruction or in academic classes. Cadets are expected to be leaders among their pears, and by their high standards of conduct, set an example that others will follow.

     

    1. A cadet will be expected to give every effort in the performance of his DUTY, and to perform that duty to the best of his ability. He should strive for perfection in each task assigned to him no matter how small or trivial it may seem.

     

    1. A cadet will maintain his HONOR above reproach at all times. This means maintaining the standard of conduct acceptable at all times; being honest and honorable in his dealings with everyone. A cadet’s word is his bond and honor.

     

    1. A cadet must bear in mind at all times and under all circumstances that he is now preparing himself to better serve his COUNTRY.

     

    1. In his devotion to his code of “DUTY, HONOR, COUNTRY”, the cadet will remember his added responsibility as representative of Stratford High School, and Berkeley County, in everything he does. Violations of this code will be referred to the Military Staff.

     

    2-7.      Military Discipline and Courtesy.

     

    1. Discipline: Military discipline is the state of good order and obedience among military personnel resulting from training. Discipline is demonstrated by appearance and actions, cleanliness of person, neatness of dress, and respect for those that are senior to you in age as well as rank.

     

                            (1) In JROTC class, drill, and other JROTC activities cadet officers will be addressed as “Sir” or “Ma’am”, and will be addressed by their rank, and all others will be addressed as “Cadet”. The exchange of salutes and other military courtesies are required at all times when cadets are present in JROTC areas (classroom, formation, and drill field).

     

                            (2) Cadets will report to the classroom or area designated on the training schedule. They will stand at attention at the bell and remain in that position until otherwise told by the person in command or the instructor.

     

                            (3) Chewing gum, eating, talking, whispering, or other horseplay is not acceptable conduct when class is in session and will not be tolerated.

     

    1. Courtesy: Courtesy implies polite and considerate behavior towards others, whether senior or junior, and whether or not members of the military fraternity. In general, juniors give the same respect to their seniors that any courteous person does to his elders. Courtesies should be shown promptly and smartly. A halfhearted execution of these acts is in itself discourteous. Courtesy among military men is indispensable to discipline. It is hardly less important in civilian life. Courtesy must be second nature to each cadet.

     

                            (1) In the military service, the expression of courtesy is more formal than in civilian life. The most important expression of courtesy to a military man is the hand salute. The salute is the military way of saying “Hello”. It is also customary to exchange greetings such as “Good Morning”, or :Good Afternoon”. When greeting a senior officer you should add “Sir” to the greeting.

     

                            (2) When a visiting officer enters the classroom, the first cadet to see him will call “Attention” and all cadets will stand at attention until directed otherwise. If a visiting officer should enter the classroom after the instruction has started, the class will not be interrupted by calling attention. Attention will not be called if a more senior officer is already present in the room.

     

    2-8.      Visits to the JROTC Area. Cadets are free to visit the JROTC department at any time for such purpose as checking the bulletin board or other official business. Cadets are not permitted to enter the JROTC office, the supply room, or the Armory without permission from the military staff.

     

    2-9.      Reporting to the SAI. When a cadet wishes to speak to the SAI on an official matter, he will request permission through the chain of command. When permission is granted, the cadet will knock on the door of the SAI’s office. He will enter when instructed to do so, report in a proper manner, and state his business. When the business is completed, the cadet will salute, do an about face, and depart.

     

    2-10.    Training Standards. During training as a cadet, instructors will insist on perfection in what may seem to be minor details (cleanliness, shoe shine, posture, etc.). Your performance will be expected to be of the highest standard both on and off school grounds. You will be expected to conduct yourself at all times in a manner which will reflect favorably on yourself, your parents, your school, and the Cadet Corps. Cadets not in proper uniform will be corrected by cadet officers, cadet noncommissioned officers, and the military staff, whether in or out of school. Any time you wear the uniform it must be worn correctly and in its completeness.

     

    2-11.    The Merit/Demerit System.

     

    1. The merit/demerit system is a traditional military system of awarding rewards and assessing punishment for good conduct or infractions of rules and regulations.

     

    1. Cadet officers, the SAI, and the military staff may award merits and demerits. Cadet noncommissioned officers who are in a leadership position (1SG, PSG, Squad Leader, etc.) may award merits and demerit only to those cadets under their control. Other noncommissioned officers may recommend merits or demerits to be given a cadet through the cadet’s immediate leader. Merits and demerits will be awarded by use of the Merit/Demerit Form. The balance of merits and demerits will be a part of the nine week grade on a one-for-one basis. A demerit will reduce the grade, while a merit will raise the grade. The SAI and AI will make a judgment on each merit or demerit recommended by the Cadet Chain of Command.

     

    1. The SAI and military staff will carefully review all reports submitted to insure that they are fair, impartial, and do not exceed an amount appropriate for the act or achievement.

     

    1. Merits may be awarded for actions that bring credit to the individual cadet or to the Cadet Corps, i.e.:

     

    • Exceptionally neat uniform appearance
    • Exceptional conduct
    • Outstanding leadership
    • Carrying out orders in an exceptional manner

     

                 Demerits may be awarded for conduct that brings discredit to the individual cadet or the Cadet Corps, i.e.:

     

    • Serious misconduct on or off school grounds
    • Dirty or improper uniform
    • Insubordination
    • Talking in ranks or in class
    • Violations of ROTC or school regulations

     

    The above is not conclusive, it is only a guide to indicate infractions that are noteworthy. Good judgment and overall impact of the infraction will be carefully considered.

     

    2-12. Administrative Processing of Merits/Demerits.

     

    1. All merits and demerits will be approved by the battalion commander and reviewed by the SAI prior to posting in the cadet’s record.

     

    1. Recommendations for the award of merits or the assessment of demerits will be made through the chain-of-command. The Merit/Demerit form will be prepared in duplicate and signed by a cadet officer or noncommissioned officer as noted in PAR. 2-11,b. Both copies will be sent to the SAI for review. If approved, the original will be returned to the cited cadet and the duplicate will become a part of the cadet’s record. If disapproved, all copies will be destroyed by the SAI and notification of this action will be given the cadet.

     

    1. Cadets that feel an unjust demerit has been given to them, have a right to appeal. When signing the Merit/Demerit Form the cadet should initial that box indicating his/her desire to appeal. The SAI’s decision will be made considering the appeal with other evidence presented. Cadets desiring to appeal demerits must do so no later than the end of the first school day following the day the demerit was assessed.

    Section II. Uniforms

     

    2-13.    Wearing of the Uniform. The uniform is a symbol of a proud and honorable profession. As a JROTC Cadet you are expected to maintain high standards in both personal appearance and military bearing. Being properly uniformed is a large part of the image you project to all with whom you come in contact. As a future leader you should train yourself to present an outstanding image all the times. When you are in uniform you must remember that you are a living advertisement of yourself, your unit, the Army Junior ROTC program, and Stratford High School. Credit or discredit is reflected by your conduct and appearance while in uniform.

     

    1. When the uniform is worn it will be clean and neatly pressed, fully buttoned, with shoes shined, and brass polished.

     

    1. The proper headgear will be worn with the uniform when outdoors. The garrison cap will be worn slightly tilted to the right. You should be able to put two fingers between the cap and your right eyebrow, and one finger between the cap and your right ear. No hair will show on the forehead below the cap.

     

    1. Shoes and/or boots will be issued to cadets. Laces will be black. Bootlaces of a particular color may be authorized for special units. Socks MUST be black.

     

    1. Cadets will wear the uniform for the entire day on prescribed uniform days, and on special occasions as directed. Uniform day will normally be Wednesday. If your uniform becomes soiled or damaged and cannot be made serviceable prior to uniform day, it should be brought to school so that damage may be verified by a member of the military staff. There is more than enough time between uniform days for the cleaning of the uniform, having it at the cleaners will not be a valid excuse for not wearing the proper uniform. Failure to comply with the above paragraph will result in being graded zero for that inspection. Cadets who fail to wear the prescribed uniform, as stated on the training schedule, will receive a zero for that inspection and may not pass for the nine week period.

     

    1. The uniform or any part of the uniform will not be worn on the job by any working cadets, or cadets participating in any type of sports activity or shop work which could cause damage to it. No part of the uniform will be worn with civilian clothes at any time.

     

    1. You will not lend any part of your uniform to another cadet or any other person for any reason whatsoever.

     

    2-14.    Prescribed Uniforms. The following uniforms are prescribed and authorized for wear by the Cadet Corps of Stratford High School.

     

    1. Male Cadets:

     

                            (1) Class B-Summer: short sleeve green shirt; green trousers, service or garrison cap; black shoes; all authorized insignia, ribbons, and accouterments.

     

                            (2) Class A-Winter: green coat, green trousers, service or garrison cap; black shoes and black socks; tie; all authorized insignia, ribbons and accouterments.

     

                            (3) Class BDU Uniform: jacket and trousers, field cap black boots with green or black socks.

     

    1. Female Cadets:

     

                            (1) Class B-Summer: woman’s green cap; short sleeve green shirt, with or without necktab; black shoes and black socks; all authorized insignia, ribbons, and accouterments.

     

                            (2) Class A-Winter: Same as Male Cadets but with neck tab instead of tie.

     

                            (3) Class C-Field Uniform: Same as Male Cadets.

     

    1. Distinctive items for wear by special teams or units are authorized to be worn by both male and female cadets.

     

    2-15.    Wearing of Ribbons, Medals, and Badges.

     

    1. Authorized ribbons will be worn on the Class A Uniform, either without a space or with 1/8 inch space between rows. No row will contain more than three ribbons. The row above will not have more ribbons than the row below. Medals are worn only on special occasions (such as the RFI, military ball, awards ceremony, and pictures). Order of precedence from wearers right to left, top to bottom, is found in Appendix B.

     

    1. Marksmanship Qualification Badges will be worn on the short sleeve shirt or the green coat.

     

    2-16.    Insignia. The following insignia are authorized for wear as part of JROTC uniform.

     

               

    1. Insignia of Grade.

     

                            (1) Cadet Officers: Garrison Cap: 1 inch back, 1 inch up from front and centered. Coat; shoulders: 5/8 inch up from seam, centered. ¼ inch apart.

     

                            (2) Cadet NCOs: Coat; shoulders: 1 inch up from seam, centered.

     

                            (3) Cadet PFC and PV2: Insignia will be worn on the short sleeve shirt, 1 inch up on collar and centered.

     

    1. Corps Insignia (Torch):

     

                            (1) Cadet Officers: Male Coat: 5/8 inch down on collar and centered.

                                                             Female Coat: 5/8 inch down on collar and centered.

                           

                            (2) Cadet NCOs and Cadet PV2: 1 inch up on collar and centered.

     

    1. JROTC Letters: Cadet Officers only. Coat: 5/8 inch up on collar and centered.

     

    1. Honor Unit With Distinction Insignia (Blue or Yellow Star): Males: Centered ¼ inch above the right breast pocket with one point of the star up. Females: Centered ¼ inch above name plate, one point of the star up. (For both green shirt and coat.)

     

    1. Academic Achievement Insignia: Centered above the right breast pocket (males) or name plates (females), or worn around the Honor Unit With Distinction insignia.

     

    1. Cap Insignia: Centered on the left curtain, 1 inch back and up from the front crease of garrison cap. Team Beret: centered over the left eye.

     

    1. Name Plate: Males: Worn on the flap of the right breast pocket, centered between the top of the buttonhole and the top of the pocket flap.

                                           Females: The standard is to place the nametag parallel with the top of the second button; however if the contour of the body does not allow then the name plate may be moved 1 to 2 inch up from second button and centered on the shirt panel.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    CHAPTER 3

     

    JROTC ACTIVITIES

     

    Section I.     General

     

     

    3-1.      Purpose. The cadet corps has many activities outside the regularly scheduled hours of instruction. These activities are planned to provide additional training and recreation. In so far as your schedule will permit, you are urged to take an active part in these activities. You will find that JROTC activities are both military and social.

     

    3-2.      Selection for Teams. Members of extra-curricular teams are all volunteers. From the groups who volunteer for these activities, only the very best are selected to represent the JROTC department and Stratford. If you are not selected for one of the teams, do not be discouraged. Keep working to improve your military skills and you may be selected at a later time.

     

    Section II. Military Activities

     

    3-3.      Color Guard.   The JROTC Color Guard is formed from the Drill Team, and represents the Cadet Corps and the school at many formations, reviews, parades, all home football games, and many other civic events throughout the year. These cadets practice on Tuesday and Thursday starting at 1535 and ending 1700 hours. They are authorized to wear boots, a gray beret, and a red shoulder cord with any uniform. Members of the Color Guard will receive the Color Guard/Honor Guard Ribbon. (See Appendix C.)

     

    3-4.      Drill Team. The members of this team are selected from volunteers who excel in both drill and appearance. They put on demonstrations at parades, middle schools, and various civic events. They take part in a minimum of three drill meets a year, where they compete with other JROTC units from throughout the nation. Cadets on the Drill Team may wear boots, a red beret, and a red shoulder cord with any uniform. They will be awarded the Drill Team Ribbon for the completion of one full season. Team practices are Tuesday and Thursday from 1535 to 1700 hours. (See Appendix D)

     

    3-5.      Honor Guard. The Honor Guard is selected from outstanding cadets who meet Honor Guard criteria. The Honor Guard serves at various civic and school functions. At these events, Honor Guard members may act as guards or escorts. Honor Guard members who qualify may wear the orange shoulder cord. They will be awarded the Color Guard/Honor Guard Ribbon and the Academic Badge. (See Appendix E)

     

    3-6       Raider Team. The members of this team are selected from volunteers who excel physically. The Raider team competes at various locations throughout the school year. Team practices are Tuesday and Thursday from 1535 to 1700 hours. Cadets on the Raider team may wear the boots, Gray Beret, Raider team flasher, and the black shoulder cord. They are awarded the Raider team ribbon after one year. (See Appendix G)

     

    3-7.      Academic Team. The members of this team are selected from volunteers who excel academically. The Academic team competes at various locations throughout the school year. Team practices are on Wednesday from 1535 to 1630 hours. Cadets on the Academic team may wear the white shoulder cord and Academic team flasher. They are awarded the Academic team ribbon after one year. (See Appendix F)

     

    3-8.      Military Ball. This activity is one of the highlights of the school’s social calendar. The ball is held annually in the spring and includes a formal dance, awards ceremony and refreshments. A highlight is the crowning of the Military Ball Queen and her court.

     

    1. Military Ball Queen Committee. This committee prepares a ballot, and arranges for the prizes for the queen and princesses. The S-5 and the XO are responsible for making the final ballot according to nominations. The SAI and AI’s are responsible for the counting of the ballots.

     

    1. Invitations Committee. Arranges for the printing of the invitations and insures they are mailed 30 days prior to the ball. This committee also maintains a mailing list provided to and coordinated with the SAI.

     

    1. Entertainment Committee. Polls the Corps of Cadets as to their preferences and then arranges for the appropriate entertainment.

     

    1. Food and Beverage Committee. Determines the amount of money available then prepares a budget and decides on a menu.

     

    1. Decorating Committee. Decorates the site selected for the ball, making sure that the Unit Flags are taken and placed in an appropriate location, picks the location for the receiving line, purchases or makes floral displays for the head table and the food table. They also decide on the layout of the tables and the color of the table cloths. They inform the program committee so that the committee can print the programs with compatible color cover.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    CHAPTER 4

     

    JROTC AWARDS

     

    Section I.        General

     

    4-1.      The Awards Program. As a member of the Cadet Corps, you have an opportunity to compete with your contemporaries for numerous awards which recognize outstanding performance of duty, scholarship, athletic achievement, and military skills. While you may not be aware of it, an Awards Board, composed of members of the military staff is in continuous session, evaluating prospective recipients of awards. A system is used wherein such things as military leadership, academic scholarship, courtesy, character, proficiency, and other consistently demonstrated potential qualities as a leader, are all evaluated.

     

    4-2.      Award Categories. Cadet awards consist of two principle categories: National and Institutional. National Awards are those recognized by JROTC units nationwide, and include awards of the Department of the Army (DA), and various civic and patriotic groups such as The American Legion and its auxiliary, the National Sojourners, and the Reserve Officers Association (ROA). National awards are awarded for outstanding individual performance, while institutional awards, which are made in the name of Stratford High School, may be given for either individual performance or for performance as a member of a unit or special group. Unit awards are earned through the combined effort of the entire corps.

     

     

    Section II. Institutional Awards

     

    4-3.      Academic Awards.

     

    1. Distinguished Cadet Award for Academic Excellence. (N-1-1) is awarded annually to a cadet for outstanding academic performance and is awarded to the cadet with the highest academic class standing in the corps.

     

    1. Academic Excellence Award (N-1-2) is awarded annually to one cadet in each LET level for maintaining the highest grade point average.

     

    1. Academic Achievement Award (N-1-3) is awarded annually to cadets achieving an “A” average in all classes.

     

    1. Perfect Attendance Ribbon (N-1-4) is awarded annually to cadets with no absences or tardies, excused or unexcused, for the entire year.

     

    1. Student Government Ribbon (N-1-5) is awarded to cadets who are elected to any office of the student body or their class.

     

    1. LET service Ribbon (N-1-6) is awarded to cadets who successfully complete JROTC training each year. Second, third, and fourth year will be bronze, silver, and gold lamps respectively.

     

    1. SAT/ACT Award (N-1-7) is awarded to cadets that receive 1800 SAT or 24 ACT.

     

    1. Academic Team Ribbon (N-1-8) is awarded annually to those cadets on the Academic team for at least a year.

     

    1. A Honor Roll Award (N-1-9) is awarded annually to those cadets who maintain an “A” in all classes for the semester.

     

    1. B Honor Roll Award (N-1-10) is awarded annually to those cadets who maintain an “B” in all classes for the semester.

     

    4-4.      Athletic Awards.

     

    1. Varsity Athletic Ribbon (N-2-1) is awarded to any cadet who has participated and lettered in a varsity sport.

     

    1. Physical Fitness Ribbon (N-2-2) is awarded annually to those cadets who complete the mile in under the allotted time. (8:30 for males and 10:45 for females)

     

    1. JROTC Athletic Ribbon (N-2-3) is awarded to cadets receiving above 50% on the Cadet Challenge

     

    1. Presidential Physical Fitness Ribbon (N-2-4) is awarded annually to all cadets who score 85% or above in all areas of cadet challenge.

     

    1. JV Athletic Ribbon (N-2-5) is awarded to any cadet who has participated in a complete season in a JV sport.

     

    4-5.      Military Awards.

     

    1. Senior Army Instructor Leadership Ribbon (N-3-1) is awarded annually to one cadet in each LET level who displays the highest degree of leadership.

     

    1. Personal Appearance Ribbon (N-3-2) is awarded annually to those cadets who consistently present an outstanding appearance. They must have no more than 5 demerits in uniform wear, and have never failed to wear the proper uniform on uniform day for the current year.

     

    1. Proficiency Ribbon (N-3-3) is awarded annually to those cadets who have earned the personal appearance ribbon, the good conduct ribbon, and maintained a “B” average or higher in JROTC.

     

    1. Drill Team Ribbon (N-3-4) is awarded annually to those drill team members who have completed one full season on the drill team.

     

    1. Orienteering Team Ribbon (N-3-5) is awarded annually to those cadets who have completed one full season on the orienteering team.

     

    1. Color Guard/Honor Guard Ribbon (N-3-6) is awarded annually to those cadets who are selected for the color guard during the year and to all members of the honor Guard.

     

    1. Rifle Team Ribbon (N-3-7) is awarded annually to those cadets who have participated on the Rifle Team for one complete season.

     

    1. Adventure Team Ribbon (N-3-8) is awarded annually to those cadets on the adventure team for at least a year.

     

    1. Commendation Ribbon (N-3-9) is awarded to those cadets who qualify for the proficiency ribbon and maintain an “A” average in JROTC.

     

    1. Good Conduct Ribbon (N-3-10) is awarded annually to those cadets who have never been placed in ISS or OSS.

     

    1. JCLC Participation Ribbon (N-3-11) is awarded to those cadets who attended JCLC.

     

    1. Best Drill Squad (N-3-12) is awarded annually to the best drill squad in the Battalion for each semester.

     

    1. Best Drill Platoon (N-3-13) is awarded annually to the best drill platoon in the Battalion for each semester.

     

    1. Best Drill Company (N-3-14) is awarded annually to the best drill company in the Battalion during the annual awards ceremony and parade.

     

    1. Best Drill Individual (N-3-15) is awarded annually to the best drill individual in the Battalion each semester.

     

    • Miscellaneous Awards.

     

    1. Parade Ribbon (N-4-1) is awarded to those cadets who participate in local parades with the JROTC Cadet Corps, or as a member of the Stratford High School Band.

     

    1. Recruiting Ribbon (N-4-2) is awarded to those cadets who assist in recruiting students into the JROTC program. This includes the 8th grade orientation each year.

     

    1. Volunteer Ribbon (N-4-3) is awarded annually to those cadets with 10 documented hours of volunteer service.

     

    1. Raider Team Ribbon (N-4-4) is awarded annually to those cadets on the raider team for at least a year.

     

    1. Community Service Ribbon (N-4-5) is awarded to cadets who participate in various volunteer community projects throughout the year and has documented 5 hours of service.

     

    1. Service Learning Ribbon (N-4-6)

     

    1. Excellent Staff Performance Ribbon (N-4-7)

     

    4-7.   Academic Achievement Badge.   Awarded to the top 10% of each LET class at the end of each semester based on their class rank. If a cadet fails to quality for the award the following semester, the award is withdrawn.

     

     

    Section III. Miscellaneous Awards

     

    4-8. Team Letters. Members of the Academic Team, Drill Team, and Raider Team will be awarded a letter certificates after the last competition of the year. Cadets may at that time receive at no expense a letter to either frame or wear on a jacket or sweater that may be purchased through JROTC. Subsequent awards will be indicated by bars.

     

    4-9. Shoulder Cords. Shoulder cords will be worn by members of extracurricular organizations/teams as follows:

     

                Academic Team                                  Gold

                Drill Team                                           Red

                Honor Guard/Color Guard                 White

                Rifle Team                                          Tan

                Raider Team                                        Black

     

    In the event a cadet is cut from a team, he/she will be required to turn in his/her cord immediately.

    Section IV. Unit Awards

     

    4-10. Honor Unit. This award is presented by the Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) upon recommendation of Headquarters, US Army 4th Brigade for exceptionally high standards throughout the school year and an outstanding rating on the Regional Formal Inspection (RFI). This award consists of a streamer for the unit colors and a blue five pointed star to be worn on the right breast pocket by each cadet.

     

     

     

     

    4-11. Honor Unit With Distinction. This is awarded to the top percentile of schools qualifying as Honor Unit Schools. A yellow five pointed star is worn.

     

    4-12. Marksmanship Badges. Basic US Army qualification badge for marksmanship with appropriate bar will be issued to cadets who quality in marksmanship program as provided for in AR 145-2 and AR 672-1. Cadets earning the marksmanship badge may wear it as part of their uniform after entering the US Army. Qualification scores are as follows:

     

                Expert                         200-300

                Sharpshooter              175-199

                Marksman                   150-174

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    CHAPTER 5

     

    CADET LEADER ROLES

     

    Section I. General

     

    5-1.      Purpose.         This chapter is designed to assist you, the cadet leader, in accomplishing your mission. Leadership is not an inherent characteristic, but it is something that can be learned provided the potential leader is willing to come to terms with himself and his mission. All of the material in this chapter is, to aid you in learning to become a leader so that you can accomplish your mission efficiently and with the least burden on those you have been selected to lead.

     

    5-2.      Definitions.     In order to accomplish your mission, you must thoroughly know the following terms:

     

    1. Unity of Command: Within the command structure, or at least any level of command, there can be only one commander. He is responsible for everything his unit does or fails to do. His responsibility is matched by the authority necessary to carry out his responsibilities. A commander can not delegate the responsibility for that action.

     

    1. Span of Control: One commander can effectively control only a given number of subordinates. Normally, the maximum number is 7 subordinates, and minimum of 3 subordinates. The ideal span of control is 5 subordinates.

     

    1. Chain of Command: The succession of leaders through which command is exercised is called the chain of command. It enables the commander to retain unity of command within the maximum span of control. The battalion commander assigns tasks to the company commanders and holds them responsible for the successful execution of the assigned tasks. Company Commanders use the same procedures with the platoon leaders, and the platoon leaders use the same technique with squad leaders.

     

    1. Staff Authority and Responsibility: The staff as a unit consists of those officers and noncommissioned officers who assist the commander in the exercise of his command. They are advisors to the commander in areas assigned to them by the commander. Staff officers will keep the commander informed on matters within their areas of responsibility which may require his attention.

     

    Section II. Duties and Responsibilities

     

    5-3.      The Battalion Commander and Staff.

     

    1. Battalion Commander (Bn Cdr): The cadet battalion commander is appointed to this position because he has demonstrated outstanding leadership ability. This is the most demanding position in the Cadet Corps. It requires the use of good common sense and judgment. The cadet appointed to this position must be mature and willing to accept responsibility, delegate authority, supervise subordinates, and stand by his convictions. The cadet battalion commander is responsible for everything that his battalion does or fails to do. He exercises control of his staff through the battalion executive officer, and control of subordinate units through the company commanders. His specific responsibilities include:

     

    • Command the battalion at all battalion formations.
    • Prepare and conduct the training of the battalion on battalion drill days.
    • Maintain a direct and personal relationship with his staff and company commanders.
    • Encourage company commanders to deal directly with him whenever they feel it is desirable.
    • Use his staff to assist him in giving information and preparing plans for training and controlling his unit.
    • Designate staff officers to assist in the supervision and execution of his orders.
    • Insure that a feeling of mutual respect and confidence exists between the staff and the companies, and that the staff is capable and that they understand their responsibilities to him and the battalion.
    • Through the chain of command, insure compliance with the Stratford High School JROTC regulations.
    • Seek advice from and carry out all orders issued by the SAI.
    • Convene promotion boards as required and forward recommendations of the board to the SAI.
    • Convene the Honor Board as required and sit as senior member.
    • Appoint committee chairman, i.e. Military Ball committee.

     

    1. Battalion Executive Officer (XO): The battalion executive officer is the principle assistant to the battalion commander. He coordinates and supervises the details of training and administration. The primary duty of the executive officer is the supervision of the battalion staff. He supervises and directs the staff to prevent overlapping efforts and to assure that the desires of the battalion commander are understood and achieved. He keeps the staff informed of the policies of the commander, and keeps the commander informed of the status of projects assigned to the staff. The battalion executive officer assumes command of the battalion in the absence of the battalion commander. His specific responsibilities include:

     

    • Supervising the preparation of required reports and their submission as required by higher authority.
    • Assures that the staff is properly organized, working as a team, and that it is engaged in planning future training activities for the battalion.
    • Assures that instructions and orders issued to the battalion are in accord with the established policies of the commander and the SAI.
    • Reports all violations of commands to the commander.
    • Conducts periodic inspections of the JROTC area and taking necessary action to see that it is properly policed and arranged.

     

    1. Battalion Adjutant (Bn S-1): The battalion adjutant is the administrative assistant to the battalion commander. The adjutant is responsible for maintaining records of the specific assignments of all cadets, preparing unit orders, and maintaining a current record of all cadets in the battalion. He maintains and performs such other administrative duties as the battalion commander and/or the executive officer my direct. His specific responsibilities include:

     

    • Aligning the battalion at all battalion formations.
    • Posting promotions, reductions, duty assignments, marksmanship scores, and awards and decorations to the cadet record in JUMS.
    • Maintaining the JROTC office area in a high state of police.
    • Training the Assistant Adjutant and Personal NCO and direction of the two in the performance of their duties.
    • Responsible for the Merit/Demerit program.
    • Keeps an up-to-date roster of all cadets who are on extra-curricular teams.
    • Posts extra-curricular activities to the cadet’s records in JUMS.

     

    1. Battalion Security Officer (BN S-2): The battalion security officer is responsible to the battalion commander for the security of the Knight Battalion.   Specifically he:

     

    • Makes periodic inspections of weapons, supply, student store, and classroom security.
    • Makes necessary on-the-spot corrections resulting from the above inspections and reports same to the Bn CO, Bn XO, and SAI.
    • Investigates incidents that are prejudicial to good order and submits reports of investigations to the battalion commander and the SAI as required.
    • Organizes and trains the Staff for security duties in the student store.

     

    1. Battalion Operations and Training Officer (Bn S-3): The battalion operations and training officer assists the battalion commander in the conduct of training, and general supervision of all training of the cadet corps. He is responsible for all outdoor training and for insuring that classrooms are prepared for instruction. Under the supervision of the SAI. He prepares the weekly training schedule. He keeps the battalion commander informed of the progress in training and prepares the drill field for ceremonies. His specific duties include:

     

    • Preparation and publication of weekly training schedules.
    • Posting of the weekly training schedules on bulletin boards at least one week prior to the scheduled week of training.
    • Turn over to the SAI a copy of the recommended training schedule at least one week prior to the scheduled week of training.
    • Inspection of the drill field prior to use by the battalion.
    • Insuring that the drill field is left in a high state of police upon completion of training periods.
    • Training the Assistant Operations Officer and Operations NCO so they are capable of performing their assigned duties.

     

    1. Battalion Supply Officer (Bn S-4): The battalion supply officer is responsible to the battalion commander for the maintenance, security, record keeping, issue, and turn-in of all government property except weapons. Under the supervision of the military staff, the supply officer determines supply requirements; maintains a running inventory of property; requisitions, processes, and stores supplies; and collects and disposes of excess and salvage equipment and clothing. He supervises the activities of the Assistant Supply Officer and the Supply NCO. His specific duties include:

     

    • Insuring that Form 3645-1 for each cadet is being properly maintained.
    • In coordination with the S-2, maintaining security of the supply room and other storage areas.
    • Conducting inventories of supplies and equipment, and informing the Military Staff of discrepancies.
    • Maintaining the supply room in a neat and orderly fashion.
    • Directing and supervising the Assistant S-4 and Supply NCO to insure that they are familiar with and capable of performing their assigned duties.

     

    1. Battalion Public Information Officer (Bn S-5): The battalion PIO is the “mouth piece” for the Cadet Corps. He is the contact between the corps and all or the representatives of the student body, faculty, and local news media. He must be alert that the many JROTC activities are publicized in such a way as to create the best possible image of the cadet corps and of Stratford High School. His specific responsibilities include:

     

    • Preparing and distributing news releases to all elements of the local news media.
    • Maintaining the cadet history. A photo album that will depict the pictorial and printed record of the Army JROTC program at Stratford High School starting at the beginning of each school year. All news articles, photographs, and other items of information pertaining to the corps will be included in this record.
    • Keeping a unit journal of all extra-curricular events in which the battalion participates.
    • Assuring that all articles for release to news media have been cleared and approved by the SAI prior to publication.
    • Making a bulletin board display outside the JROTC Department in the school hallway.
    • Checking the JROTC display daily to insure that it is in a high state of police.

     

    1. Battalion Command Sergeant Major (CSM): The CSM is the senior enlisted member of the Cadet Corps. As such, he supervises the other enlisted members of the battalion. He is responsible to the battalion commander and his staff and advises him on all matters pertaining to enlisted cadets. His specific duties include:

     

    • Assisting the adjutant in the formation and alignment of the battalion at all battalion formations.
    • Receiving absentee reports from company first sergeants and passing the reports on to the adjutant.
    • Insuring that the Color Guard maintains an exceptionally high state of military appearance and completeness of uniform at all times.
    • Insuring that the colors, staffs, web belts, and other unit equipment of the Color Guard is checked and complete as well as serviceable, Reporting all deficiencies to the Color Guard advisor.
    • Making frequent inspections of uniforms for serviceability and cleanliness and of cadets for compliance with cadet regulations.
    • Coordinates with the S-3 and advisor for the scheduling of the Color Guard for home games, assemblies, pep rallies, and community functions.
    • Reporting to the battalion commander any instances of lack of interest during training or a lack of respect for the Colors
    • Directly supervising the battalion staff noncommissioned officers to be sure they are properly fulfilling their responsibilities. This will require tactful coordination with the officer supervisors of the battalion staff NCOs.
    • Securing from the company first sergeants the names of cadets assigned flag detail, both for before school and after.
    • Supervision of the flag detail to insure compliance with the flag detail regulations. He will report all violations to the battalion commander for appropriate action.

     

    5-4.      Company Officers.

     

    1. Company Commander (Co Cdr): The company commander is responsible to the battalion commander for everything his company does or fails to do. He keeps the battalion commander advised of the status of the training of his company, and especially of any areas where additional or make-up work is required. He insures that his subordinate leaders are prepared for training on the drill field and he constantly supervises the training to insure that it is conducted correctly. He recommends assignment, reassignment, promotions, and reductions of cadets under his command. He must be expert in all phases of drill, but most specifically, company drill. The company commander is the production man. He gets things done. His job is not finished when he tells a member of his company to do something. The “telling” is the easiest and smallest part of the task. The company commander must provide the “why” and “when”, and often the “how”, to accomplish the mission. Then, he must check and inspect to insure that what he wanted done is accomplished in accordance with his instructions. A good company commander is an outstanding leader, with plenty of initiative. Rather than waiting for someone to tell him what to do, a good company commander must think ahead and plan what he believes is best for his company. The following are some specific duties of the company commander:

     

    • Command his company at all formations.
    • Consult the training schedules, study the drill references, and insure that both the commander and his subordinates are prepared to instruct.
    • Keep the first sergeant informed, and insure that he keeps himself informed so that he may take command in the company commander’s absence.
    • Make on-the-spot corrections, and at the same time, be sure that all members of the company understand and comply with the Cadet Regulations.
    • Insure that all members of the company know and use the chain of command.
    • Take an interest in the problems of the cadets and make an effort to help solve them.
    • Make each cadet an effective member of the company.
    • Conduct an inspection during each company formation and make on-the-spot corrections. Follow through during later inspections to insure that the cadet is not making the same mistake repeatedly.
    • Execute the orders of the battalion commander.
    • When seeking answers or advice, first speak with the battalion commander; if he can not give a satisfactory answer, seek the assistance of the SAI.

     

    1. Platoon Leader (Plt Ldr): The platoon leader’s responsibilities to the company commander are the same as are the company commander’s responsibilities to the battalion commander. He must be an expert in all phases of drill, and train his platoon to perfection. Primarily, his job is one of leadership, training , and discipline. Some of the duties as platoon leader are:

                (1) Organize and maintain an effective chain of command in the platoon. Be sure that the cadets know and understand where they fit into the chain of command.

                (2) Use the chain of command to accomplish all assigned tasks. Specifically, deal with the platoon sergeants and the squad leaders.

                (3) Learn the names of all cadets in the platoon, know them when addressing individual cadets, i.e. “Cadet Jones, report to me.”

                (4) Conduct an inspection of the platoon at each formation.

                (5) Emphasize personal appearance and cleanliness.

                (6) Assign a subordinate to conduct instruction for those not proficient in drill.

                (7) Insure that the members of the platoon have their authorized clothing and equipment, and that it is being maintained as prescribed.

                (8) Be thoroughly familiar with all cadet regulations.

               (9) If a member of the platoon asks a question that the platoon leader is not familiar with, he should admit it and attempt to find the answer. The platoon leader is not expected to know everything, but he should know where to try to find the answer.

                (10) Enforce all orders of the company commander.

                (11) Do not complain and “gripe” in the presence of the platoon.

                (12) Insure that the platoon sergeant forms the platoon properly in the prescribed area at the appointed time.

                (13) Develop a spirit of teamwork in the platoon; it provides obedience, cooperation, and respect.

                (14) Have thorough knowledge of all phases of drill. FM 3-21.5 is the bible of drill. The platoon leader is also expected to be able to conduct company drill.

                (15) Make every effort to solve all leadership, training, and disciplinary problems at the platoon level. If the problem cannot be solved there, seek the advice and assistance of the company commander.

                (16) The success achieved by the battalion depends in a large part upon the platoon leaders. Set high standards of personal appearance and duty, and demand that the cadets meet the standard.

                (17) Be prepared to command the company in the absence of the company commander.

     

    5-5.      Company Noncommissioned Officers.

     

    1. Company First Sergeant (Co 1SG): The company first sergeant is the senior enlisted member of the company. He is responsible for administrative matters of the company. He is responsible to the company commander for forming the company, taking the report, maintaining the duty roster, and submitting the absentee report to the sergeant major or his representative. He keeps the company commander informed on all matters pertaining to the company. He checks all merit/demerit slips with the company commander before submitting them to the JROTC office. His specific duties include:

     

    • Responsibility for the initial formation and alignment of the company, except when directed otherwise by the company commander.
    • Receives the absentee reports from platoon sergeants and submits them to the Company Commander.
    • Insures that all cadets of the company are properly uniformed and armed with the correct weapons.
    • Assists the company commander in administrative details as directed.
    • Must be thoroughly familiar with all phases of drill.
    • Sets the example
    • Trains the platoon sergeants to take over his job in an emergency.
    • Trains the company guidon bearer.

     

    1. Platoon Sergeant (PSG): The platoon sergeant is the first supervisor above the squad leader in the chain of command. He works directly with the squad leader. He should know the weaknesses and strengths of each cadet within the platoon. The platoon sergeant must set the example, and he must be a superior instructor. The primary concern of the platoon sergeant is the training of the platoon and supervising the squad leaders. He is responsible for the formation of his platoon. He submits the absentee report to the First Sergeant and keeps the platoon leader informed on all matters pertaining to the platoon. He assists the platoon leader in training the platoon and must be prepared to assume command of the platoon in the absence of the platoon leader. He must be familiar with all aspects of platoon and company drill. The specific duties of the platoon sergeant include:

     

    • Enforce the orders and instructions of the platoon leader.
    • Supervise the squad leaders with the inspection of their squads at formation.
    • Form the platoon in the prescribed area at the appointed time.
    • Know and follow the correct procedure for forming the platoon and receiving the reports from the squad leaders.
    • Develop a spirit of teamwork and demand respect from each member of the platoon.
    • Be thoroughly familiar with the drill and ceremonies as outlined in FM 3-21.5.
    • Know and require all members of the platoon to know the JROTC regulations for Stratford High School Cadet Corps.
    • Be prepared to assume command of the platoon during and absence of the platoon leader.
    • Know the first sergeant’s job so that you are able to take over his duties when he is not present.

     

    1. Squad Leader: The squad leader is the most important individual in the chain of command. In the classroom or on the drill field, the success of the unit depends on you. Since you are responsible for a squad of cadets, your job is never done. You must set the example at all times, and you must convince the other members of your squad, platoon, company, and perhaps the entire battalion that they may depend upon your performance of duty as a squad leader. Some of the specific duties of the squad leader:

     

    • Proper formation of the squad.
    • Submit the absentee report to the platoon sergeant.
    • Train his squad is all areas of squad drill.
    • Be thoroughly familiar with squad and platoon drill.
    • Inspect the personal appearance of each squad member at each formation.
    • Inspect each cadet for authorized clothing and equipment and insure that each is being properly maintained.
    • Inspect all weapons assigned to your squad. Insure that each cadet is issued a weapon and that is turned in at the completion of drill.
    • Report to your platoon sergeant any loss or damage to school or government property.
    • Assist members of your squad who may be having difficulty with drill or any other subject.
    • Establish a chain of command within your squad.
    • You are not expected to know everything. If you are asked a question which you cannot answer, find the answer and inform the cadet and the squad at the very next formation or opportunity.
    • Report to your platoon sergeant any failure of a squad member to obey orders or regulations.
    • Remember YOU are the doer YOU are the person who gets things done. YOU must insure that each cadet learns what is expected of him and conducts himself as YOU expect him to. You cannot fool them. You MUST know your job and set the example.

     

    1. Class Armorer: Issues weapons in accordance with procedures set forth by the Bn S-2. Checks on weapons maintenance and reports problems to the Company 1SG.

     

    Section III. Leadership Summary

     

    5-6.      Human Factors.         The best led cadets are the winners. Every member of the Stratford High School Cadet Corps, therefore, must be a leader. He must learn how to take advantage of the traits with which he was born. These traits or characteristics are his alone. He must be aware of his own strengths and weaknesses, he must know himself.

     

    5-7.      Leadership Values. Leadership values are personal qualities that help the commander earn the respect, confidence, willing obedience, and loyal cooperation of his cadets. Each person differs in the degree to which he displays each of the leadership values. The leadership values demonstrated by a commander directly affects the behavior of his cadets and their willingness to accomplish a mission. There are seven individual values that all leaders and followers possess: loyalty, duty, respect, selfless service, honor, integrity, and personal courage. By listing these values in this order, note that they spell out the acronym: LDRSHIP – pronounced leadership.

     

    5-8.      Self Evaluation. It is essential that a good leader know himself. To know himself fully, it is important that he make an honest and objective self-evaluation which will allow him to take advantage of his strong traits and to strengthen or eliminate the weak ones.

     

    5-9.         Leadership Techniques. Leadership is simply the action you take as an individual to solve problems confronting you in your command of your cadets. Different individuals use different techniques; some good, some bad. A commander can, if necessary, force his subordinates to carry out his orders under threat of punishment. The commander who uses this fear technique will not survive as a leader. You must develop techniques of leadership that will enable you to direct and to influence your subordinates. You must learn for yourself how to impose your will in a way to gain respect, obedience, and loyal cooperation, while creating good morale, discipline, and proficiency among your men. To lead you must set the example and know your job.

     

    Appendix A

     

    Stratford High School JROTC

     

                                                                                        ________________________

                                                                                                           (DATE)

    STATEMENT OF HEALTH

     

    NAME (PRINT) ____________________________________________________

                                 (LAST)                     (FIRST)                    (MIDDLE INTIAL)  

     

     

                The above named student is physically fit for full participation in all JROTC training. If there are any physical limitations on the above students, please explain in the space provided below. If there are none, please write the word NONE below and sign.

    ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­__________________________________________________________________

    ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­__________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________

     

     

     

                                                                            ______________________________

                                                                               (Signature of Parent or Guardian)

     

    STRATFORD HIGH SCHOOL JROTC

     

                                                                           ______________________________

                                                                (DATE)

     

    NAME (PRINT) ____________________________________________________

                                        (LAST)                        (FIRST)           (MIDDLE INITIAL)

     

    RESPONSIBILITY FOR GOVERNMENT PROPERTY

     

                The lawful authority by which a student holds Government property is contingent upon his/her actual regular attendance in school, and his/her enrollment in JROTC. These conditions are limited to the period of the school year only. A student’s lawful right to hold Government property ceases when he/she quits school, is suspended or is disenrolled from JROTC, and at the end of the school year. Under the provisions mentioned above, the student, as required by Federal Law, must turn in upon demand from proper authority, all Government property in his/her possession, or the equivalent in cash. This requirement of the law is found in the Reserve Statutes of the United States (CC35; R.S. 54338: Acts May 30, 1008, c 235, 35 Stat. 556; Mar. 4, 1909; c 321, 35 Stat. 1905). It reads in part as follows:

     

                EXTRACT: “Whoever having charge, possession, custody, or control of any money or other public property used or to be used in the military service, with intent to defraud the United States or willfully to conceal such money or other property, shall deliver or cause to be delivered to any person having authority to receive the same, any amount of such money or other property, less than for which he/she received a certificate or took receipt, shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars, or imprisoned not more than five years or both.”

     

                Parents or guardians who sign an agreement with reference to the return of Government property are, therefore, responsible and jointly liable to the provisions of the law the same as the student.

     

    AGREEMENT OF RESPONSIBILITY

     

    I hereby agree to be responsible to the Board of Education of Berkeley County, South Carolina for such articles of Government clothing and equipment as may be issued to the above named student, in accordance with the law, and signed for by the student for his/her use as a member of the Stratford High School JROTC Program. I further agree to be responsible for any property not returned in good condition, fair wear and tear expected, at the end of the school year or upon the student’s separation from the JROTC program, or up on demand of the school authorities.

                                                             ___________________________________

                                                                        (Signature of Parent/Guardian)

    APPENDIX B

     

    ORDER OF PRECEDENCE – AWARDS AND DECORATIONS

     

    Awards, medals and ribbons will be worn in precedence from the wearer’s right to left, as indicated in the following order:

     

                            The Medal for Heroism

                            The Superior Cadet Decoration

                                        Distinguished Cadet Award for Academic Excellence. (N-1-1)                                            Academic Excellence Award (N-1-2)

               Academic Achievement Award (N-1-3

                                        Perfect Attendance Ribbon (N-1-4.

                                        Student Government Ribbon (N-1-5)

                                        LET service Ribbon (N-1-6)

                                        SAT.ACT Award (N-1-7)

                                        Academic Team Ribbon (N-1-8)

                                        A Honor Roll Award (N-1-9)

                                        B Honor Roll Award (N-1-10

                                        Senior Army Instructor Leadership Ribbon (N-3-1) 

    Personal Appearance Ribbon (N-3-2

                                        Proficiency Ribbon (N-3-3)

                                        Drill Team Ribbon (N-3-4)    

    Orienteering Team Ribbon (N-3-5)

                                        Color Guard/Honor Guard Ribbon (N-3-6

                                        Rifle Team Ribbon (N-3-7

                                        Adventure Team Ribbon (N-3-8)

                                        Commendation Ribbon (N-3-9)

                                        Good Conduct Ribbon (N-3-10

                                        JCLC Participation Ribbon (N-3-11

                                        Best Drill Squad (N-3-12)

                                        Best Drill Platoon (N-3-13)

                                        Best Drill Company (N-3-14

                                        Best Drill Individual (N-3-15)

                                        Varsity Athletic Ribbon (N-2-1)

                                        Physical Fitness Ribbon (N-2-2)

                                        JROTC Athletic Ribbon (N-2-3)       

    Presidential Physical Fitness Ribbon (N-2-4)

                                        JV Athletic Ribbon (N-2-5)

    Parade Ribbon (N-4-1.

    Recruiting Ribbon (N-4-2)

                                        Volunteer Ribbon (N-4-3

                                        Raider Team Ribbon (N-4-4)

    Community Service Ribbon (N-4-5

                                        Service Learning Ribbon (N-4-6)

                                        Excellent Staff Performance Ribbon (N-4-7)

    APPENDIX C

     

    COLOR GUARD SOP

     

    1. The purpose of this SOP is to set standards and qualification for membership in the Color Guard and establish criteria for Color Guard Awards.

     

    1. Composition of the Team. The Color Guard will be chosen from the Drill Team and organized as followed:

     

    1. Color Guard Commander. The Color Guard Commander will normally be a senior cadet who has had two years of experience on the Color Guard/Drill Team. Specific Duties include:

     

    • Supervision of the Color Guard at all times.
    • Knows thoroughly Chapter 15. Colors, FM 3-21.5 and trains the Color Guard so that they can perform the movements without fault.
    • During practices and Drill Meets, the Commander will insure that the Color Guard equipment is secured at all times.
    • Will insure that all equipment is clean and serviceable before all Drill Meets.
    • Make recommendations to the advisor for appointment of subordinate leaders.

     

    1. Procedures.

     

    1. Practice will start at 1535 and will last until 1700 hours Tuesday and Thursday. The following procedures will be complied with:

     

    • Color Guard will meet in Room 222 at 1535 hrs.
    • Weapons and harnesses will be drawn and the colors secured.
    • Team practice will then commence.
    • At the completion of practice, the equipment and rifles will be turned in, and the Color Guard will be dismissed.

     

    1. Competitions. The Color Guard will leave for competition with the Drill Team.

     

    1. Special Activities. The Color Guard will wear the Class “A” ,”B” or the BDU uniforms as directed by the advisor. Special activities may include football games, PTSA meetings, or the 8th grade orientation. The Color Guard will perform at all JROTC functions to include the Award Ceremony and the Military Ball.

     

    1. Awards.

     

    1. Color Guard/Honor Guard Ribbon. This ribbon will be awarded to any cadet who participates in the color guard for the previous year.

     

    1. Boots, berets, and red shoulder cord are authorized to worn by Color Guard members.

     

    1. Suspension and Terminations. Color Guard members may be suspended upon the recommendation of the Color Guard Commander and the approval of the advisor and SAI. Reasons for suspension and termination are outlined in the Drill Team SOP. Any suspension or termination on the Drill Team will automatically result in the same action for the Color Guard.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Appendix D

     

    Drill Team SOP

     

    1. Drill Team Purpose: The purpose of this SOP is to set standards and qualifications for membership in the Drill Team and establish criteria for Drill Team awards.

     

    1. Composition of the team:   The Drill team will be organized as follows:

     

    1. Drill Team Commander: The Drill Team commander will normally be a senior cadet with the leadership ability to direct the team. Specific responsibilities are:

     

    (1) Supervision of the team at all times.

    (2) Planning and carrying out drill routines.

    (3) Makes recommendations for appointment of subordinate

                         leaders.

    (4) Handling the administration of the team.

     

    1. Drill Team Armorer: The Drill Team Armorer is normally a senior cadet

    His/hers duties include:

     

    • Insures that practice weapons are functional and safe for spinning.
    • Records the number of each drill team member’s weapon.
    • Insures all weapons are turned in at the end of each practice.
    • Insures all weapons are secured and accounted for during all drill meets.

     

    1. Drill Team Supply: The Drill Team Supply cadet is normally a senior cadet. His/her duties are:

     

    (1) Administers, issues, and accounts for all Drill Team uniforms.

    (2) Insures all uniforms are serviceable and complete.

     

    1. Procedures:

     

    1. Practice: Practice will start at 1535 hours and will last until 1700 hours on Tuesday and Thursdays. During the week prior to a drill meet, practice is Monday through Thursday at the same time.

     

    • The team will meet in Room 220 at 1535 and a report will be made of absences. Only two unexcused absents will be permitted and five excused absences from the team advisor.
    • Weapons will be drawn through the Drill Team Armorer.
    • Cadets that have received their rifles will be seated in the LET 1 classroom immediately.
    • At the completion of practice, cadets will clean their rifles and return them to the Drill Team Armorer.

     

    1. Awards:

     

    1. Boots, gray beret, drill team flasher, and a red shoulder cord are authorized to be worn after being selected for the Drill Team.

     

    1. The Drill Team Ribbon is awarded to all cadets that complete at least one full year and remain on the team.

     

    1. Suspensions and Terminations: A Drill Team member may be suspended from the team upon the recommendation of the team commander and must be approved by the team advisor and the SAI. Upon suspension or termination, the member must turn in his/her boots, beret, flasher, and the shoulder cord immediately. Some reasons for suspension are:

     

    1. Failure to attend practices.
    2. Failure to achieve Drill Team standards of proficiency.
    3. Failure to maintain high standards of dress and appearance.
    4. Failure to maintain passing grades.

     

    *Any cadets dismissed from the team for failing grades will not be permitted to return to the team in following years.

    *Subjects include any course needed for graduation.

    *Cadets participating in extra curricular activities must have and maintain a minimum of a 2.0 grade point average to stay on the team. If progress report contains falling grades, cadets may be put on suspension until he/she is passing.

     

    1. Volunteering: Each cadet on the drill team must volunteer a minimum of three hours. Volunteering consists of:

     

                                        -Any volunteer projects in JROTC.

    -Volunteering outside of JROTC, such as school activities or outside school activities.

    *If a cadet does an activity out of school they must provide evidence to the advisor for him/her to approve.

      

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    APPENDIX E

     

    HONOR GUARD SOP

     

    1. Purpose. The purpose of this SOP is to establish the standards and qualifications for membership in the Honor Guard and to establish criteria for Honor Guard awards.

     

    1. Composition of the Team. The Honor Guard will be organized as follows:

     

    1. Honor Guard Commander. The commander will normally be a senior cadet with the leadership ability to direct the team. Specific responsibilities are:

     

    • Supervision of the Honor Guard at all functions.
    • Conducts the Honor Guard meetings.
    • Inspects the Honor Guard prior to each function to insure uniform and appearance standards remain high.
    • Makes recommendations for appointment of subordinate leaders.
    • Advises the team sponsor when he feels that a cadet should be dropped from the team for cause.

     

    1. Honor Guard NCO. The Honor Guard NCO is normally a junior who has served at least one previous year on the Honor Guard.

     

    • Supervision of the Honor Guard in the absence of the commander.
    • Keeps the Honor Guard roll book.
    • Prepares a list of cadets eligible for the Color Guard/Honor Guard Ribbon.
    • Assists the commander in making decisions on cadets who should be removed from the team for cause.

     

    1. Members. Membership in the Honor Guard is open to all cadets in the Cadet Corps that are in the top 10% of their class. Regardless of their grade, rank, or position, members will take all orders from the Honor Guard Commander and NCO when on duty with the Honor Guard.

     

    1. Awards.

     

    1. The white cord and honor guard flasher are authorized to be worn by all members.

     

    1. The Academic Achievement Badge and the Color Guard/Honor Guard Ribbon are awarded to all Honor Guard members.

     

    1. Suspensions and Terminations. Honor Guard members may be suspended from the team upon recommendation of the Honor Guard Commander and NCO, and must be approved by the Honor Guard Advisor. Upon suspension, the member must turn in his cord and flasher to the supply room immediately. Some reasons for suspension are:

     

    1. Failure to maintain Honor Guard standards of dress and appearance.

     

    1. Failure to maintain required grades in JROTC and/or other subjects.

     

    1. Failure to show up for honor guard commitments or meeting when scheduled without 24 hours prior notification to the Commander and/or NCO. Family emergencies or sickness may be excused.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Appendix F

     

    Academic Team SOP

     

    1. Academic Team Purpose: The purpose of this SOP is to set standards and qualifications for membership in the Academic Team and establish criteria for Academic Team awards.

     

    1. Composition of the team: The Academic team will be organized as follows:

     

    1. Academic Team Commander: The Academic Team commander will normally be a senior cadet with the leadership ability to direct the team. Specific responsibilities are:

    (1) Supervision of the team at all times.

    (2) Planning and carrying out academic team practices.

    (3) Handling the administration of the team.

     

     

    1. Procedures:
    2. Practice: Practice will start at 1540 hours and will last until 1630 hours on Wednesdays.
    • The team will meet in Room 218 at 1540 and a report will be made of absentees. Only two unexcused absences will be permitted and five excused absences from the team advisor.

     

    1. Awards:

     

    1. Academic team flasher and a gold shoulder cord are authorized to be worn after being selected for the Academic Team.
    2. The Academic Team Ribbon is awarded to all cadets that complete at least one full year and remain on the team.

     

    1. Suspensions and Terminations: An Academic Team member may be suspended from the team upon the recommendation of the team commander and must be approved by the team advisor and the SAI. Upon suspension or termination, the member must turn in his/her flasher and shoulder cord immediately.

              

    Some reasons for suspension are:

    1. Failure to attend practices.
    2. Failure to achieve Academic Team standards of proficiency.
    3. Failure to maintain high standards of dress and appearance.
    4. Failure to maintain passing grades.

    *Any cadets dismissed from the team for failing grades will not be permitted to return to the team in following years.

    *Subjects include any course needed for graduation.

    *Cadets participating in extra curricular activities must have and maintain a minimum of a 2.0 grade point average to stay on the team. If progress report contains falling grades, cadets may be put on suspension until he/she is passing.

     

    1. Volunteering: Each cadet on the academic team must volunteer a minimum of three hours. Volunteering consists of:

                                        -Any volunteer projects in JROTC.

    -Volunteering outside of JROTC, such as school activities or outside school activities.

    *If a cadet does an activity out of school they must provide evidence to the advisor for him/her to approve.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Appendix G

     

    Raider Team SOP

     

    1. Raider Team Purpose: The purpose of this SOP is to set standards and qualifications for membership in the Raider Team and establish criteria for Raider Team awards.

     

    1. Composition of the team: The Raider team will be organized as follows:

     

    1. Raider Team Commander: The Raider Team commander will normally be a senior cadet with the leadership ability to direct the team. Specific responsibilities are:

     

    (1) Supervision of the team at all times.

    (2) Planning and carrying out Raider practices.

    (3) Makes recommendations for appointment of subordinate

                          leaders.

    (4) Handling the administration of the team.

     

    1. Raider Team First Sergeant: The Raider Team Cadet 1SG is normally a senior. His/her duties are:

     

    • Maintains accountability for all Raider Team uniforms.

    (2)   Insures all uniforms are serviceable and complete.

    • Assists the commander as necessary.

     

    1. Procedures:

     

    1. Practice: Practice will start at 1535 hours and will last until 1700 hours on Monday, Tuesday and Thursdays. During the week prior to a Raider meet, practice is Monday through Thursday at the same time.

     

    • The team will meet in Room 218 at 1535 and a report will be made of absentees. Only two unexcused absences will be permitted and five excused absences from the team advisor.
    • All Raider equipment will be drawn through the Raider Team 1SG.
    • At the completion of Raider practice, cadets will return all equipment to the Raider Team 1SG.

     

    1. Awards:

     

    1. Boots, gray beret, Raider team flasher, and a Black shoulder cord are authorized to be worn after being selected for the Raider Team.
    2. The Raider Team Ribbon is awarded to all cadets that complete at least one full year and still remain on the team.

     

    1. Suspensions and Terminations: A Raider Team member may be suspended from the team upon the recommendation of the team commander and must be approved by the team advisor. Upon suspension or termination, the member must turn in his/her boots, beret, flasher, and the shoulder cord immediately.            

    Some reasons for suspension are:

     

    1. Failure to attend practices.
    2. Failure to achieve Raider Team standards of proficiency.
    3. Failure to maintain high standards of dress and appearance.
    4. Failure to maintain passing grades.

    *Any cadets dismissed from the team for failing grades will not be permitted to return to the team in following years.

    *Subjects include any course needed for graduation.

    *Cadets participating in extra curricular activities must have and maintain a minimum of a 2.0 grade point average to stay on the team. If progress report contains falling grades, cadets may be put on suspension until he/she is passing.

     

    1. Volunteering: Each cadet on the raider team must volunteer a minimum of three hours. Volunteering consists of:

     

                                        -Any volunteer projects in JROTC.

    -Volunteering outside of JROTC, such as school activities or outside school activities.

    *If a cadet does an activity out of school they must provide evidence to the advisor for him/her to approve.

      

        

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    APPENDIX H

     

    USEFUL KNOWLEDGE FOR CADETS

     

    1. Cadets will be required to know several pieces of information in order to better perform their duties and to better understand military terminology.

     

    1. Each cadet will know the following facts:

                The US Rifle, Caliber .30, M1909A3, generally known as the Springfield Rifle, is a lightweight, manually operated, bolt action, shoulder weapon with a 5 round, staggered row, non-removable magazine. It weights 9.2 pounds, is 43.5 inches in length, has muzzle velocity of 2,805 feet per second and has a maximum effective range of 460 meters, and a maximum range of 5,500 yards.

     

    1. The military services use the International Phonetic Alphabet when speaking letters. This alphabet is not used when writing. For example: Instead of saying “A” Company, we say “ALPHA” Company.

     

    A-ALPHA                              J-JULIET                               S-SIERRA

    B-BRAVO                             K-KILO                                 T-TANGO

    C-CHARLIE                         L-LIMA                                 U-UNIFORM

    D-DELTA                              M-MIKE                                V-VICTOR

    E-ECHO                                 N-NOVEMBER                    W-WHISKEY

    F-FOXTROT                         O-OSCAR                              X-X-RAY

    G-GOLF                                P-PAPA                                  Y-YANKEE

    H-HOTEL                              Q-QUEBEC                           Z-ZULU

    I-INDIA                                 R-ROMEO

     

    1. Months are abbreviated as follows:

     

                January                        JAN

                February                      FEB

                March                          MAR

                April                            APR

                May                             MAY

                June                             JUN

                July                              JUL

                August                        AUG

                September                   SEP

                October                       OCT

                November                   NOV

                December                    DEC

     

    1. The military time system is much the same as the European system, a 24-hour designator system. This is used to avoid confusion between before noon (AM) and afternoon (PM) times. The 24-hour system clearly and unmistakably designates the hours. The system is simple and very useful. It is not difficult to learn and it is used in the JROTC Department all the time. You are expected to learn it.

     

                CIVILIAN TIME                                           MILITARY TIME

     

                12:00 Midnight                                               2400

                1:00 AM                                                          0100

                2:00 AM                                                          0200

                3:00 AM                                                          0300

                4:00 AM                                                          0400

                5:00 AM                                                          0500

                6:00 AM                                                          0600

                7:00 AM                                                          0700

                8:00 AM                                                          0800

                9:00 AM                                                          0900

                10:00 AM                                                        1000

                11:00 AM                                                        1100

                12:00 AM                                                        1200

                1:00 PM                                                          1300

                2:00 PM                                                          1400

                3:00 PM                                                          1530

                4:00 PM                                                          1600

                5:00 PM                                                          1700

                6:00 PM                                                          1800

                7:00 PM                                                          1900

                8:00 PM                                                          2000

                9:00 PM                                                          2100

                10:00 PM                                                        2200

                11:00 PM                                                        2300

                12:00 Midnight                                               2400

     

    Increments of time after the hour are always written cumulatively; for example, 5 minutes before 11:00 AM is written and spoken as 1055 hours; five minutes before midnight, 2355 hours.

     

    1. Cadets are also required to know the ranks (Grades) of both the active Army and JROTC.

     

    1. Active Army:

     

                            (1) General Officers:

                                        General of the Army

                                        General

                                        Lieutenant General

                                        Major General

                                        Brigadier General

     

                            (2) Field Grade Officers:

                                        Colonel

                                        Lieutenant Colonel

                                        Major

     

                            (3) Company Grade Officers:

                                        Captain

                                        First Lieutenant

                                        Second Lieutenant

     

                            (4) Warrant Officers:

                                        Chief Warrant Officer CW-5

                                        Chief Warrant Officer CW-4

                                        Chief Warrant Officer CW-3

                                        Chief Warrant Officer CW-2

                                        Warrant Officer W-1

     

                            (5) Noncommissioned Officers:

                                        Sergeant Major of the Army

                                        Command Sergeant Major

                                        Sergeant Major

                                        First Sergeant

                                        Master Sergeant

                                        Sergeant First Class

                                        Staff Sergeant

                                        Sergeant

                                        Corporal

                            (6) Specialists:

                                        Specialist four

                                       

                            (7) Privates:

                                        Private First Class

                                        Private Two

                                        Private One

     

    1. JROTC

     

                            (1) Field Grade Officers:

                                        Cadet Lieutenant Colonel

                                        Cadet Major

     

                            (2) Company Grade Officers:

                                        Cadet Captain

                                        Cadet First Lieutenant

                                        Cadet Second Lieutenant

     

                            (3) Noncommissioned Officers:

                                        Cadet Command Sergeant Major

                                        Cadet Sergeant Major

                                        Cadet First Sergeant

                                        Cadet Master Sergeant

                                        Cadet Sergeant First Class

                                        Cadet Staff Sergeant

                                        Cadet Sergeant

                                        Cadet Corporal

               

                            (4) Privates:

                                        Cadet Private First Class

                                        Cadet Private Two

                                        Cadet Private One

     

    1. Cadets are also required to learn and memorize the General Orders and be prepared to recite them for any inspector or any senior person. The General Orders are as follows:

     

    • I will guard everything within the limits of my post and quit my post when properly relieved.
    • I will obey my special orders and perform all my duties in a military manner.
    • I will report violations of my special orders, emergencies, and anything not covered in my instructions, to the commander of the relief.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    APPENDIX I

     

    CHAIN OF COMMAND

     

    1. Each Cadet must know the Chain of Command in its entirety and be prepared to recite it for any inspector or any senior person. You will be issued a work sheet to use and place in your JROTC notebook for this purpose. Those leaders in your Chain of Command are:

     

                President/Commander-In-Chief

                Secretary of Defense

                Secretary of the Army

                Chief of Staff, United States Army

                Commander, Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC)

                Commander, Cadet Command

                Commander, Eastern Region

                Commander, 4th Brigade

                Chairman, Berkeley County School Board

                Superintendent, Berkeley County Schools

                Principal, Stratford High School

                Senior Army Instructor

                Army Instructor

                Cadet Battalion Commander

                Cadet Company Commander

                Cadet Platoon Leader

                Cadet Squad Leader

     

    1. Others not in the Chain of command who you must know are:

     

                Cadet First Sergeant

                Cadet Platoon Sergeant

     

                BATTALION STAFF

     

                Battalion Executive Officer

                Adjutant and Administration Officer (S-1)

                Security Officer (S-2)

                Operations and Training Officer (S-3)

                Supply Officer (S-4)

                Public Information Officer (S-5)

                Automation/technology Officer (S-6)

                Battalion Command Sergeant Major

                Student Store Manager

     

     

     

    APPENDIX J

     

    HISTORY AND MEANING OF THE UNIT PATCH

     

    UNIT SHOULDER SLEEVE INSIGNIA: The Stratford sleeve insignia or “patch” was designed in November 1985 (the first year of the Stratford High School JROTC Program) by Cadet Captain Eddie D. Javier.

     

    The patch, a circular insignia 3 inches in diameter overall, consists of a white circle edged in black with the words “Stratford Knights”. Within the white is a red circle with 5 silver-gray stars forming a pentagon (white) with a knight head (silver-gray) resting in the center.

     

    The colors of the insignia are representative of Stratford High School as is the knight. The stars represent the freedom of the United States of America. The pentagon is a symbol of military strength and unity.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    APPENDIX K

     

    MERIT/DEMERIT FORM

     

     

     

     

     

    NAME: ___________________________________

     

    COMPANY: _______________________________

     

    AMNT OF MERIT/DEMERIT (S) ____________

     

    REASON FOR MERIT/DEMERIT (S):

     

    __________________________________________

     

    __________________________________________

     

    __________________________________________

     

    __________________________________________

     

    __________________________________________

     

    __________________________________________

     

    ISSUED

    BY:_______________________________________

     

    RECIPIENT: _______________________________

     

    BN XO/BN CDR: ___________________________

     

    SAI: ______________________________________

     

    DO YOU WISH TO APPEAL? ________________

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    APPENDIX L

     

    THE JUNIOR ROTC CADET CREED

     

     

    I am an Army Junior ROTC Cadet.

     

    I will always conduct myself to bring credit to my family, country, school and the Corps of Cadets.

     

    I am loyal and patriotic. I am the future of the United States of America.

     

    I do not lie, cheat or steal and will always be accountable for my actions and deeds.

     

    I will always practice good citizenship and patriotism.

     

    I will work hard to improve my mind and strengthen my body.

     

    I will seek the mantle of leadership and stand prepared to uphold the Constitution and the American way of life.

     

    May God grant me the strength to always live by this creed.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    UPDATED ON

    Thursday, March 10, 2016